Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research [IGCAR] was set up at Kalpakkam in
1971 with the main objective of conducting broad based multidisciplinary
programme of scientific research and advanced Engineering, directed
towards the development of sodium cooled Fast Breeder Reactor [FBR]
technology, in India.
centre has comprehensive R & D facilities covering the entire
spectrum of FBR technology related to Sodium Technology, Reactor
Engineering, Reactor Physics, Metallurgy and Materials Science,
Chemistry of Fuels, coolant and other nuclear materials, Fuel
Reprocessing, Reactor Safety, Control and Instrumentation, Computer
Applications etc., and has developed a strong base in a variety of
disciplines related to this advanced technology.
The Centre has set up two research reactors. The first is the Fast
Breeder Test Reactor, which provides the irradiation facilities for
studies on materials and fuels and is also the testing ground for
various FBR components. The second is the Kamini Reactor, which is a
test reactor that provides the thermal neutron flux for research
activities in physics and chemistry, including neutron activation
analysis. The reactor is also routinely used for neutron radiography of
various components and materials. Facilities such as the accelerator and
structural mechanics laboratory have provided research training for a
large number of students.