Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam

Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research [IGCAR] was set up at Kalpakkam in 1971 with the main objective of conducting broad based multidisciplinary programme of scientific research and advanced Engineering, directed towards the development of sodium cooled Fast Breeder Reactor [FBR] technology, in India.

The centre has comprehensive R & D facilities covering the entire spectrum of FBR technology related to Sodium Technology, Reactor Engineering, Reactor Physics, Metallurgy and Materials Science, Chemistry of Fuels, coolant and other nuclear materials, Fuel Reprocessing, Reactor Safety, Control and Instrumentation, Computer Applications etc., and has developed a strong base in a variety of disciplines related to this advanced technology.

The Centre has set up two research reactors. The first is the Fast Breeder Test Reactor, which provides the irradiation facilities for studies on materials and fuels and is also the testing ground for various FBR components. The second is the Kamini Reactor, which is a test reactor that provides the thermal neutron flux for research activities in physics and chemistry, including neutron activation analysis. The reactor is also routinely used for neutron radiography of various components and materials. Facilities such as the accelerator and structural mechanics laboratory have provided research training for a large number of students.